So I wrote three short-stories then posted them for critique on two other forums and the number one concern was the lack of characterization. The character feeling flat seemed to come up several times.

I can sit and write out a detailed plan for the character (goals, motivations, conflicts, flaws, personality, character arc etc) but I can't seem to translate the planning to the page. It doesn't come across.

What can I do to change this? How can I make my characters feel more real?

Thank you.