So, I've mentioned my friend in the main thread, but I've since found out more details.

He's actually published at least four books with PA, going back to 2007. So, whether he's actually completely clueless about everything, or may be one of the exceptions to PA treating people badly, I'm not sure. All I know is that it is almost painful for me to see him posting up the Amazon link to his latest book in random groups on Facebook and I want to shake him awake, point him here, to any of the dozens of sites reporting their scams and bad behavior.

The other main issue though, which is what's holding me back, is that he has a real history of depression and anxiety issues, and I don't want to bring on something as heavy as telling him his writing career is an illusion.

Really. I'm kind of at a loss for what to do. I want to help him, but at this point I think it might be the best thing to just let him carry on with what he imagines is a good deal.