View Full Version : WWII Cameras

01-03-2007, 01:25 AM
Does anyone here have an idea what type of cameras were used by Japanese soldiers from 1941 - 1945? Was it only allowed to the propaganda corps or were ordinary soldiers also allowed cameras? And can anyone provide me a picture? Thanks!

01-03-2007, 02:00 AM
Possibly a single lens reflex camera? I got the following from Wikipedia:

The first 35mm SLR was the German Ihagee Kine-Exakta in 1936, which was fundamentally a scaled-down Vest-Pocket Exakta. This camera used a waist-level finder. Further Exakta models were produced before and during the Second World War, making the Exakta the first 35mm SLR system. The Ihagee factory in Dresden was destroyed by bombing in 1945.

Meanwhile, Zeiss began work on a 35mm SLR in 1936 or 1937[1]. This used an eye-level pentaprism which allowed viewing of an image oriented correctly left to right and while the camera was held up to the face. Waist-level finders show a reversed image while the operator of the camera has their head bowed downwards. To brighten the image, Zeiss incorporated a fresnel lens in between the ground-glass screen and pentaprism, forming the conventional SLR design still used today. However, the war intervened, and the Zeiss SLR did not emerge as a production camera until Zeiss in newly-created East Germany introduced the Contax S in 1949. This was the first "fixed" eye-level pentaprism SLR.


01-03-2007, 02:02 AM
It goes on to say:

The earliest Japanese SLR was perhaps the Shinkoflex, a 6x6 camera made by Yamashita Shōkai from 1940. But before and after World War II, Japanese camera makers concentrated on rangefinder and twin-lens reflex cameras (as well of course as simpler, viewfinder cameras), similar to those of the Western makers.